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G’day!

I’m Cudda, pronounced “could-a” without the “L”. Not Cudder or Cooder!

My name, which I’m advised means “brother” and “mate”, was suggested by Elders of the First Nations’ People from my Country in Western Australia’s Eastern Goldfields Region. Both of my parents were killed by our local pastoralist who poisoned them with 1080. Now I live with my new family consisting of 2 invasive humans, 1 invasive dog, and 1 invasive cat, and I love them all. I like to chase the cat “Yunda” just to keep her on her toes, I just can’t help it. I wouldn’t actually eat her, but don’t tell her that!

I am a 99.99% D.N.A.-certified “Desert Dingo”. My ancestors have presided over the bush alongside humans as your siblings for thousands of years. Like all families, we’ve fought through our ups and downs, sometimes humans ate dingo (or “long-dog”) and, sometimes dingoes ate human (or “long-pig”). As history has proven, we are still siblings, and we will overcome our differences.

We have those standing amongst us on both sides who need to be reined in. As an Ambassador for Desert Dingoes, I insist that rogue humans must be held in the same regard, and treated no differently than rogue dingoes. They both threaten and diminish Australian biodiversity, social harmony, and productivity.

As we all know, rotten-fruit contaminates top-quality fruit, and the sooner the rotten fruit is removed, the less it contaminates the rest.

Thank you for visiting Ban1080.org. We are dedicated to discussing 1080 Poison use in Australia. As Editor and Admin. I will try my hardest to sort fact from fiction.

If any of our content appears; offensive, incorrect, or speculative, then it’s most probably meant in jest. I will try to make any cases of intentional misrepresentation clear.

Regards,

Cudda. (EDITOR)

We have good reason to believe that 1080 use:

– Causes psychological fear, and physical suffering, over prolonged periods of time to its victims.

– Is not target-specific, meaning that non-target species including native fauna, can be, and reportedly are affected by consuming 1080 baits.

– Poses a human health threat to people who consume wildlife, in particular varanids (goannas etc). The very limited amount of research done into 1080 effects on human health, is often limited to biased interpretations of historical incidents of poisonings, and controversial research reportedly carried out on humans by Nazi scientists during World War Two.

-Poses suspected risks to human health, but is not properly investigated or researched. Scientists studying the effects of long term exposure to 1080 in rats, reported reduced fertility and a potential to cause diabetes, they suggested that this could also apply to humans exposed to 1080 poison.

– Drives the spread of feral species into W.A’s rangelands, enabling the establishment of, and infestations of Foxes, cats, rabbits and pigs etc., all provided with protection from predation, due to the unethical Industry of killing our native dingoes.

– Is the cause of a longstanding, passionate and divisive argument within the Australian community.

– Does not meet the expectations of a vast majority of surveyed Australian People.

– Is enabled to continue by a lack of commitment from most Australians to holding our leaders accountable for their shady dealings with Industry.

Blatant collaborations between the following organisations, if not addressed by the Australian Public now, then as a nation, we will remain forever dependent on 1080 ;The Poisons maker (Animal Control Technologies Australia); the Federal Government Poisons Regulator (APVMA); agricultural groups (Australian Wool Innovations, Meat and Livestock Australia); and the Commonwealth charity organisation (the Centre for Invasive Species Solutions),

Due to incompetency of Authorities, negligence of advisory staff, a fear of dingoes that for the greater part is unwarranted, opportunism of some parties, or an overall lack of integrity, they have contributed on their own, or in collusion with others, to the cult-like support of the “1080 Empire”.

There’s a lot of “blood-money” getting made at the expense of our dingoes, devastating the ecosystems who have evolved alongside, and are dependent on these dingoes to protect them from invading cats, rabbits, and foxes.

If we are not satisfied with credible explanations to our concerns, we’d be just as treasonous as any perceived threat, to not intervene if to prevent a significant loss for future generations who will likely not get to see native Australian animals in the wild.

Lets not forget about the most inconvenient issue from the maker’s perspective;

-1080 poses a threat to public safety as a biological weapon

We will explore these topics and others, with more details and links to sources that we trust.

We will try to address contentious issues that we are aware of, and research any additional ones as they get raised.

We will try to approach experts from both sides of the fence to provide commentary, and address any concerns that you want answers for.

We will not silence anybody who wishes to discuss subjects that relate to our cause, in a respectful and receptive manner.

Please remember that we are not scientists or ecologists with credentials, just normal Aussies and a dingo, doing our best to involve more Aussies in this debate.

1080 POISON RISK TO PUBLIC SAFETY

The main concern of 1080 being used in terror attacks is its extreme toxicity level, combined with a delayed onset of symptoms, meaning that it could take up to 15 hours of community exposure to contaminated water, enabling a mass poisoning to occur, prior to the alarm being raised.

Added to this, there also exists no easy way to treat poisonings because no simple antidote exists for 1080 intoxication.

Another scary thought about facing 1080 as a biological weapon is its complete lack of taste, odour, and colour.

The following extracts from the Western Australian Agriculture Department’s pamphlet regarding 1080 characteristics, highlight the known risks faced by our community:

https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/sites/gateway/files/1080%20characteristics%20of%20use%20PDF.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3w7hhzqUd30YbbmrEoiZt529C5kxNX6BoQtEkbmG6hRqGKP9oOyTLChfI

“The following information provides details on the characteristics of sodium fluoroacetate (1080) and its use in Western Australia 1080 is an extremely dangerous toxin with no effective antidote. Great care is required with its use.”

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER

“The Chief Executive Officer of the Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia and the State of Western Australia and their officers, employees and agents will not be liable, in negligence or otherwise, to any person for any loss, liability or damage arising out of an act or failure to act by any person in using, relying on or disseminating any information, representation or statements contained in this publication. Mention of trade names does not imply endorsement by the department over any other equivalent product from another manufacturer. Any omission of a trade name is unintentional. Recommendations were valid at the time of printing. © Western Australian Agriculture Authority, 2016”

Use of 1080 in other countries

A few other countries also use 1080. These include New Zealand, Mexico, Japan, Korea, Israel, and very restricted use in the United States (sheep-coyote collars). 1080 is not approved in many other countries because of concerns regarding potential human, and other off-target, poisoning. Safe use of 1080 through regulation 1080 use in Australia is closely regulated by Commonwealth (Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority)

With care, and provided the directions for use are followed, 1080 can be safely used to control vertebrate pests with few potential risks to non-target animals or the environment.

In Western Australia, for example, there have been few reports of concerns with human safety.

What is 1080?

1080 concentrate is a highly water-soluble powder which is generally odourless and tasteless to humans. It is stable under normal conditions, but starts to break down at temperatures above 110o C and completely degrades at 200o C. The active ingredient of 1080 is sodium fluoroacetate, which is a natural plant product. However, the 1080 used in baits is synthetically produced.

Because 1080 (fluoroacetate) needs to be absorbed and then converted to fluorocitrate, there is lag between the ingestion of 1080 and the appearance of signs of toxicity. In mammals, this lag-phase is generally between 0.5 and 3 hours, but it can be longer than this (e.g. up to 15 h).

Signs of poisoning

Visual signs of poisoning are generally neurological in carnivores, cardiac/respiratory in herbivores, and a mixture of neurological and cardiac signs in omnivores. However, because of the varied responses which can occur with 1080-intoxication, the classification of individual species into these groupings is often arbitrary.

Victorian MP Andy Meddick’s version of “signs of poisoning” (below), was a bit more detailed than the WA Government’s, when he addressed the Victorian Parliament on May 11 2022

I am going to describe to you what sodium monofluoroacetate does. When ingested, the animal suffers a prolonged and horrific death. Birds can take up to 262 hours and herbivores up to 44 hours, while carnivores can take up to 21 hours to finally succumb to the horrific effects of this poison. Symptoms usually begin to appear after 30 minutes to 3 hours. The list of symptoms for carnivorous animals such as dingoes, dogs, foxes and cats includes: restlessness, increased hyperexcitability, agitation, trembling and widening of the eye sockets. This is followed by sudden bursts of violent activity, frenzied manic behaviour, frantic running and bashing their heads against fences, trees and walls. Dogs particularly have been filmed running at speed into solid objects such as houses and cars to try and stop the pain. Abrupt vocalisations include whimpering, distressed howling and screaming that has been likened to that of human beings. Have any of you have heard a dog scream in agony? I forced myself to watch footage of animals affected by 1080. It leaves a scar on you that can never be healed.

This is followed by bleeding from bodily orifices, including the eyes and mouth; rapid, laboured breathing; and foaming at the mouth, with some animals partly choking on their own saliva. Observers of dogs that have been poisoned describe looks of sheer terror in their eyes. Vomiting, urinating, defecating uncontrollably follow as internal organs liquefy and are excreted. All animals affected eventually fall to the ground in tetanic seizure, with hind limbs or all four limbs and sometimes the tail extended rigidly from their arched bodies. This phase is full body seizure. Every muscle and every limb is forcibly extended until often the jaw is so forcibly opened that by the force of the muscles in stricture it dislocates, leaving it hanging like a piece of cloth flapping in the wind. At all times the front feet are clasped together, clenched or used to scratch frantically. This tonic phase is then followed by a clonic phase in which the animals lie and kick or paddle with the front legs and squeal, crawl around and bite at objects if their jaws survived intact from the seizures. During this phase their eyes roll back so only the whites show and their teeth grind together. Finally, they begin to relax, breathing more slowly and shallowly, lying quietly with their hind legs still extended but semiparalysed. Next is a coma and eventual death.

What I have described here is certain; it is fact. It is what this poison was designed to do. It is exactly what this poison was developed to do—odourless, tasteless and colourless, developed as a chemical warfare weapon to be distributed in the water supply, so dangerous German troops were forbidden from handling barrels of it because one teaspoon is enough to kill 20 adult humans. In fact 1080 remains on our federal government’s list of chemicals of terrorist concern.

Let me stress again this point: there is no antidote. What I have described here is not only what happens through primary ingestion but through what is known as secondary contamination or secondary poisoning, where a scavenger species may consume part of a baited animal and because this poison is so potent that animal suffers the same fate. This is how so many native carrion birds and ground-dwelling native carnivores die. 1080 poison can also remain at almost 100 per cent toxicity in a carcass for months depending on weather conditions. This is a time bomb for native species.”

https://new.parliament.vic.gov.au/parliamentary-activity/hansard/hansard-details/HANSARD-974425065-17642

[Now, back to WA’s Ag. Dept.]

“it is best to assume that baits will remain toxic for at least 4 weeks, and end-users must make their own decisions based on the local conditions

1080 can also have a chronic effect on animals, such as a temporary reduction in their fertility.

This advice about “temporary reduction in fertility” contradicts findings from a number of studies. As stated by the New Zealand Government’s EPA, “Effects on semen quality and the testis have been demonstrated in rats after a single and small number of acute doses. In longer term tests, the effects are very clear and reversibility… has not been demonstrated.”, and; “…acute exposures to 1080 in humans and animals may give rise to both reversible and irreversible adverse, target organ effects. These effects are severe and were found after human acute exposures.” and; “There is clear evidence from human clinical cases that high acute doses of 1080 can produce temporary organ damage to the heart and brain after a single exposure.” and; “Toxic effects to testes of the male animals, resulting in an absence of sperm, was the apparent cause of the reproductive failure.” and; “Therefore, the Agency considered the evidence suggests that after prolonged exposure to 1080, recovery of the male testes and spermatogenesis is unlikely.”

Sensitivity of introduced animals

Vertebrate pests such as wild dogs, foxes, rabbits, feral pigs and feral cats are introduced species and, consequently, are highly sensitive to 1080 (Table 1). Table 1: LD50* of 1080 (mg/kg) for some introduced vertebrates.

Species LD50 (mg/kg)* Dog 0.11, Fox 0.14, Rabbit 0.42, Pig 1-2, Cat 0.40, Sheep 0.49, Cow 0.39, Horse 0.41, Chicken 7.70, Human ~2

Most pets and domestic livestock are similarly quite sensitive to fluoroacetate (1080). Hence, they are also susceptible to 1080 baits. Domestic, and other dogs, are at risk both from eating 1080-baits, and through secondary poisoning. Secondary poisoning occurs when a dog feeds on the carcasses of animals (e.g. rabbits) killed by 1080 baits. These carcasses may remain toxic to introduced species (but not the more tolerant native species – see below) until they decompose within 2-8 days. Secondary poisoning in this way also provides an added advantage in that some foxes will be killed by feeding on carcasses containing 1080. Livestock can also be killed if they are allowed to feed on 1080-poisoned grain baits.

The ABC reported in 2017

“Researchers in Western Australia have discovered that 1080 baits laid for wild dogs are being eaten mostly by goannas that are resistant to the poison.

Preliminary results from Murdoch University and the Department of Agriculture and Food reveal that dogs rarely eat the 1080-injected dried meat baits, but non-target species do.

The research was carried out in the Meekatharra area of mid-west WA, where motion sensor cameras were set up in front of baits.

Murdoch University postdoctoral research fellow Tracey Kreplins said she and her colleagues had watched footage from about 200 sites, and would be doing another 100 in coming weeks.

“There’s a lot of interference from non-targets taking baits, things like varanids [goannas], ravens, kangaroos, ants, and feral cats,” Dr Kreplins said.

“There’s a big seasonal effect. In summer the varanids are out and are very busy.

“Varanids can take quite a lot of the baits within 48 hours of them being placed, so the dogs aren’t even getting a look-in.”

Wild dogs look at baits then leave them

Dr Kreplins said when the varanids disappeared in winter, baits sat untouched for up to two months.”

https://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2017-03-30/lizards-eating-1080-baits-meant-for-wa-wild-dogs/8398520

Another ABC article from 2014 reported:

Research by Murdoch University has found that 99 per cent of monitored baits were taken by creatures other than foxes.

Other creatures included 95 per cent by native animals and the remaining four per cent by other introduced species including pigs and black rats.

Sites were monitored in the state’s South West and Great Southern, around Jarrahdale, Dwellingup, Mt Barker and Darkan.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2014-08-01/fox-bait-stolen-by-native-animals/5640642?utm_campaign=newsweb-article-new-share-null&utm_content=link&utm_medium=content_shared&utm_source=abc_news_web&fbclid=IwAR04wj8QvDP2ESe_PQzI-mMusWZdBervEFXwIZwRJgrVelgIQhSZMLbBA40

Based on all of the above, it’s quite obvious that this highly toxic poison poses a significant threat to Australian communities, and that it is only a matter of time before our trust in Government results in a mass-poisoning of innocent people. Why must we wait for the worst to eventuate before demanding such a threat be permanently neutralised?

As disclosed by the Australian National Security Dept. in 2022 in a report advising the terrorist threat level to Australians (in the link below), a threat from “Lone-Wolves” is still a reality.

https://www.nationalsecurity.gov.au/national-threat-level/current-national-terrorism-threat-level

“The threat from religiously motivated violent extremists has moderated. In particular, the offshore networks, capabilities and allure of Sunni violent extremist groups—such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and al-Qa‘ida—have been substantially degraded. Accordingly, the support for these groups in Australia has declined further. But the violent extremist beliefs which motivated these groups persist, and will continue to appeal to a small number of Australians.

Ideologically motivated violent extremism—and particularly nationalist and racist violent extremism—remains a threat to Australian security and its adherents will continue to engage in offensive behaviours. But nationalist and racist violent extremist groups are more likely to focus on recruitment and radicalisation, rather than attack planning. ASIO remains concerned about the potential for these groups to radicalise individuals who then go on to undertake attacks, potentially without any warning.

Over the last two years, ASIO has seen an increase in issue-motivated extremism fuelled by grievances associated with COVID-19 restrictions, conspiracy theories and anti-authority ideologies. While some individuals used violent rhetoric and some protests involved violence, we did not identify acts of terrorism. The Australian community remained largely resilient, and many of the grievance narratives lost momentum as restrictions were eased.

In the online environment, violent extremists—both in Australia and offshore—will continue to produce and share propaganda intended to sow division and encourage acts of violence. While a single piece of propaganda is unlikely to be the sole catalyst for an attack, it can be amplified in online echo chambers where violent extremist ideologies can proliferate without being challenged.

What will an attack look like​?

The terrorist threat is not extinguished. An attack remains possible. Terrorists will continue to seek to generate fear in the community and promote their cause.

A terrorist attack is most likely to be conducted by an individual (known as a lone actor) or a small group. These types of attacks are difficult to detect and may occur with little to no warning.

An attack is likely to be low-cost, using readily available weapons, and simple tactics. Weapons such as knives, vehicles, explosives, and firearms, used in combination with simple tactics, can maximise casualties.

The most likely location for a terrorist attack in Australia is a crowded place in a major city. Crowded places include shopping centres, transport hubs or other easily accessible locations. In some cases, the terrorist’s ideology or grievance may lead the attacker to choose a symbolic location such as a government building or place of worship.​

By simply acquiring the 1080 Poison, adding it to a water supply at an event, then walking away, a terrorist from any group has the potential to kill many people without risking harm to themselves.

Is the ANS not aware of the real threat 1080 poses? Why is 1080 not included in their “readily available weapons list” (above)?